Landscaping (or landscape architecture) is the discipline that promotes the planning, design, management and maintenance of outdoor spaces.
Through the use of natural elements (mostly), landscaping aims to provide aesthetic and functional quality (such as safety, privacy and comfort) to the environments.
As part of the architectural project, it pursues the ultimate goal of architecture: the perfect convergence between function, comfort and aesthetics, but with the unique artifice of nature, which provides man with health and quality of life.
Physical and psychological benefits
In addition to the obvious aesthetic advantage, which pleases the eyes (and why not say the soul?), the proximity to nature provides benefits to physical and mental health.
Many studies reveal changes in our behavior, whether conscious or not when we are somehow connected to nature. It has been proven, for example, that professionals who work indoors, 8 to 9 hours a day, are more likely to have a lower metabolism and develop diabetes and heart disease. On the other hand, projects that integrate natural elements into the corporate environment bring increased productivity, creativity, and employee attendance.
On a much broader scale, urban landscaping impacts the life of an entire community. A study carried out with the population of England found that the risk of developing circulatory diseases is lower in the population living in green areas.
Urban landscaping: studies prove a positive impact on health in living with nature.
Even when introduced in small quantities into an environment completely dominated by concrete, the force of nature is relentless: a single large tree is capable of absorbing up to 150 kg of CO2 per year, and their presence can lower the temperature of the surrounding area. 2°C to 8°C.
Biophilic Design: a return to essentials
Biophilia, an expression created by the American biologist Edward O. Wilson to name his book published in 1984, was recently rescued with great euphoria by architecture and nature enthusiasts.
Based on research that proves the positive impacts of the presence of nature in our daily lives, the term, which means “love for life”, applied to design proposes to bring the maximum of nature to our days through architectural projects.
According to the book “14 Patterns of Biophilic Design” (14 Standards Design Biofílico ), applications of this concept are divided into three groups: the patterns of nature in space, natural analogies patterns and patterns of nature that provide space. In practice, they mean prioritizing access to nature, contact with materials from nature, the quality of air and light, among others. All of this, according to theory, has the function of reconnecting us with our first natural habitat: nature. And thus combat modern evils such as depression, anxiety and stress.
In addition to all the benefits already mentioned, the landscaping project still has a relevant weight in the pricing of properties. More than care or whimsy, a good landscaping project and a well-kept green area immediately signal luxury and status. See the number of high-end launches signed by renowned landscape firms, such as Benedito Abbud, Gilberto Elkis and Gil Fialho.
Gilberto Elkis residential landscaping project
According to a survey published by Gazeta do Povo, properties with well-preserved gardens achieve an appreciation of up to 10% of their value, while abandoned green areas can devalue the property by up to 15%.